Ginger has been known for centuries in all over the world as a cooking herb, condiment, spice, and as a famous herbal medicine because of its healing properties. Ginger rhizome contains essential oil, fixed oil, pungent compounds, resins, proteins, cellulose, pentosanes, starch, and mineral elements. Ginger oleoresin is prepared by solvent extraction of dried ginger rhizome and subsequent removal of the solvent. Ginger can be divided into three types: jahe gajah (big white ginger, giant ginger), jahe emprit (small white ginger), jahe merah (red ginger)
Tamarind tree is a multipurpose tropical fruit tree of which almost every part finds at least some use, either nutritional or medicinal. It is native to eastern tropical Africa where it grows wild throughout Sudan. The most valuable and commonly used part of the tamarind tree is the fruit, especially the pulp which is used for a wide variety of domestic and industrial purposes, especially for food and beverages. Extraction of tamarind fruit pulp was conducted to meet growing commercial needs. Tamarind extract is prepared from Tamarind fruit pulp by solvent extraction.
Cocoa (Cacao) has been cultivated and known as precious food for centuries. It is produced from Theobroma cacao L., a tree native to the tropical region of South America. Economic cocoa cultivars are grown for the production of dried beans, which are the source of cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, cocoa cake, and cocoa powder. Cocoa extract is used in various food and beverage products including alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, confectioneries like candy and chocolate, dairy products, frozen dairy dessert, gelatins & puddings, flavor ingredients, and bakeries.